Mount Carmel was most significant in ancient times as a barrier to traffic along the coastal plain. This 1,500 foot high limestone mountain impeded armies and merchants traveling to the north. Mount Carmel is referred most often in the bible as a symbol of beauty and fertility.
It can be found in the bible in the following scriptures:
To be given the splendor of Carmel was to be blessed indeed (Isa 35:2)
Solomon praised his beloved “your head crowns you like Mt Carmel
On Mount Carmel Elijah the Prophet succeeded in disproving Jezebel's gods, the Ba'alim (Kings I 18:19-40)